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Martin Smith

Veterinary Senior Manager

AHDB Pork KE

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PEDv

Home \ Health & Welfare \ Health \ Emerging diseases \ PEDv

Porcine epidemic diarrhoea virus(PEDv) is a coronavirus that infects the cells lining the small intestine of a pig resulting in severe diarrhoea and dehydration

In older pigs the disease is less severe and they mostly get sick and lose weight after being infected. However, newborn piglets usually die within five days due to their lack of maternal protection.

A milder strain has been circulating in Europe since the early 1970s and it is present in some UK pig populations, but in low levels. APHA PEDv baseline report. The disease cannot be transmitted to humans, nor contaminate the human food supply.

Free PEDv Testing for Suspect cases

AHDB Pork is funding testing of samples from suspect PED outbreaks in pigs on premises in England and Wales to confirm or rule out whether PED is the cause of disease and you must discuss the disease and testing with your veterinary surgeon. In the case of a suspected outbreak of PED in England, where PED is now notifiable, you are required to report suspect PED to APHA following guidance. Samples of faeces or intestinal contents from affected pigs can be sent to the Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA) for testing and the following link provides detailed guidance on sampling and testing of suspect PED outbreaks.

PEDv Contingency Plan

‘Identify, contain and eliminate’ are the key elements of a contingency plan for dealing with PEDv, just published. It is the brainchild of the Pig Health and Welfare Council and is a living document which will evolve and develop over time.

The plan focuses on the control and elimination of PEDv but a broadly similar approach could be used to tackle other significant new and emerging diseases, such as highly pathogenic strains of PRRS from the US or Asia. Download the plan.

Significant Diseases Charter

A new significant diseases charter has been launched by AHDB Pork in the face of threats from challenges such as Porcine Epidemic Diarrhoea.  The aim is to get the voluntary sign-up of producers to share information quickly which will, in turn, make the control of disease faster and more effective.  Initially only PED will be added to the reporting, but with the reporting framework in place it could be used to include other emerging and exotic diseases.  Click here to sign up to the Charter.

Standard Operating Procedures

Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) have been produced by AHDB Pork of behalf of  the Pig Health and Welfare Council and the first batch have been uploaded to the AHDB Pork website. In the event of PED arriving, the SOPs will outline best practice and methods of control. Ultimately there will be around a dozen of them and they will all be updated regularly.  

Biosecurity guidance

In the event of PEDv entering the UK, it would be the implementation of good biosecurity and biocontainment measures, which would reduce the rate of spread and enable the industry to control the outbreak. Click here for more information