How is the coronavirus affecting Italy’s pork market?
It seems that Italy is being hit particularly hard by the coronavirus outbreak. Unfortunately, we won’t have official data concerning slaughter, trade and domestic demand for some time. However, we do have some early indications about how the disease is affecting the supply chain in Italy.
Reports from AMI, an agricultural market information provider in Germany, suggest that progression of the coronavirus is unsettling the market for slaughter pigs across Europe. Many borders are closed, as are restaurants, and major events are cancelled. Across Europe, companies slaughtering pigs are therefore extremely cautious. Farmers are trying to market their existing slaughter pigs as quickly as possible, resulting in pressure on prices.
In Italy in particular, slaughter companies and the meat processors have significantly reduced their production. Farmers are finding it hard to market remaining pigs and transportation is sometimes difficult. Price falls are expected, however, the industry is still operating.
According to the Italian farming union, Coldiretti, from a legal point of view, goods are supposed to move normally. There are border checks that can slow down trade, but they are not stopping the free movement of goods, only people.
As with many European countries, Italy relies on labour from other countries. So, the restriction on the movement of people is causing difficulties. Although the restrictions introduced do not prohibit travel for work reasons, movements allowed into the country have to be accompanied by a self-declaration form. However, there is apparently a strong risk of a labour shortage as increasingly people are refusing to work due to fear of possible infection from other people.
Some hauliers are also understandably concerned about the health of their drivers, and the likelihood that they might be quarantined, which can also restrict trade.
Although there are some difficulties, at the moment feed companies are ensuring necessary supplies to farmers to safeguard the health and welfare of their animals, and to maintain the production level on farms. However, signs of difficulty in the handling of goods, both raw materials and finished products, are beginning to appear.
The situation concerning government compensation is as yet unclear. A general fund of 25 billion euros has been outlined for the upcoming months, but not sector specific details. At the moment, the only measures seem to be the suspension of deadlines for compliance, payment of taxes and social security, and welfare contributions.